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If your child lags behind their friends in class, has problems with reading and writing, if they are not good with numbers and letters, you may suspect specific learning disabilities. Do not worry. In this situation, which has nothing to do with intelligence level, all that needs to be done is to support him.

Specific learning difficulties are observed in 15-20 percent of primary school-age children. This condition, which is defined as reading, writing, mathematics and written expression significantly below the expected, can also be encountered in children with normal or high intelligence levels. If you suspect your child has specific learning difficulties, the best thing you can do for him is to consult a specialist and provide him with educational support.

Learning: consists of the functions of perceiving, organizing, storing and recalling and using information when necessary. Specific learning disability is defined as a developmental and neurobiological disorder seen in childhood that causes impairment in the functionality of one or more of these areas. Considering the chronological age of the child, the measured intelligence level and the education he received; It is also expressed as the fact that reading, mathematics and written expression are significantly lower than expected. Under the heading of specific learning disability, there are reading disorder (dyslexia), written expression disorder (dysgraphia), math disorder (dyscalculia) and learning disorder subtypes not otherwise named.

It is seen 3-4 times more often in boys than in girls, and although there are some symptoms in the preschool period, 15-20 percent of school-age children are usually diagnosed. In children with specific learning difficulties, this is often accompanied by attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder.

Specific learning difficulty does not mean mental retardation. Recent studies show that it occurs due to the structural and functional impairment of the central nervous system. A child with specific learning difficulties has difficulties in the process of acquiring knowledge, which is a function of the central nervous system. This situation, which is not related to the intelligence level, can also be seen in a child with normal or higher intelligence.

While some of the children with specific learning disabilities have reading difficulties, written expression difficulties and difficulties in mathematics at the same time, some children have difficulty in only one area. For this reason, a detailed evaluation is required to determine the characteristics of each child.

For children who are predicted to have specific learning difficulties, the child mental health clinics where psychiatrists and psychologists work should be consulted immediately after realizing the situation.

Specific learning disability is a lifelong disorder and needs to be addressed with a psycho-educational approach. There is no curative medicine or diet. Consulted mental health professionals guide the family about what to do.

A child diagnosed with specific learning disability realizes that he is lagging behind his friends in reading, writing and mathematics and feels bad. It should not be forgotten that learning difficulties are not laziness or irresponsibility. Approaches such as “not doing because he does not want to”, “not trying hard enough”, “willing to do” cause the child to feel guilty and his self-confidence gradually decreases. The family should explain to the child’s teacher that the situation is a challenge and cooperate with each other.

The intelligence level of children with specific learning difficulties is normal and above normal. The areas in which these children are strong should be discovered and supported. In some cases, it is seen that a child who has difficulties in literacy skills can be very successful in mathematics. They can be very talented in sports and arts. As the age progresses, the person with difficulties will develop new learning strategies and make his life easier thanks to the support he receives regarding learning. Specific learning disability is a lifelong disorder.

Although the first symptoms usually appear before school, the child is diagnosed with specific learning disability, starts primary school and starts having difficulties in academic skills such as literacy.

– Writing the direction of letters or numbers reversely while reading or writing, writing words in reverse, as if seeing through a mirror.

Children diagnosed with specific learning difficulties should be supported with one-to-one education in addition to the school environment. Here’s what can be done …

– If studying at home is eroding the mother-father-child relationship, a daily study and homework program can be made with a university student sister or brother.

– Various word games can be played together as a family. Games such as name-city, producing new words starting with the last letter of the word and hangman can be preferred.

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